World Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (WJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Index Copernicus , SOCOLAR, China , Indian Science Publications , Cosmos Impact Factor , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , International Impact Factor Services , International Society for Research Activity (ISRA) Journal Impact Factor (JIF) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF) , Global Impact Factor (In Process) , Digital Online Identifier-Database System (DOI-DS) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Scientific Indexing, (ISI) UAE , IFSIJ Measure of Journal Quality , 

World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

ORAL CLONIDINE AND ANAESTHESIA: EFFECT OF ORAL CLONIDINE PREMEDICATION ON HEMODYNAMIC CHANGES DURING LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

Dr. Hina Bashir, Dr. Anjum Shamim*, Dr. Tania Ateeque, Dr. Wasim Salman, Dr. Malik Rameez and Dr. Mohammad Ommid

ABSTRACT

Background: Laryngoscopy and intubation are mandatory for patients undergoing general anesthesia. Direct laryngoscopy and intubation along with pneumoperitoneum with carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation for laparoscopic surgery cause afferent sympatho-adrenal response, this causes increase in blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and cardiac arrhythmias in some patients Oral Clonidine premedication has been recently shown to have a potential to prevent such harmful responses. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of administration of oral Clonidine premedication to attenuate hemodynamic responses due to laryngoscopy, intubation and pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery. Methods: After taking informed consent, 200 patients were systematically randomised into two groups of 100 each. Patients were kept NPO 8 hours, after proper preanesthetic checkup before surgery. On morning of surgery Group C received Oral Clonidine150mcg premedication 90 minutes prior to induction in the preoperative room and Group P ,oral ranitidine150mg (Pacebo) premedication 90 minutes before shifting the patient immediately afterwards to the operation room. Results: Oral Clonidine premedication in a dose of 150 mcg orally before laryngoscopy and intubation effectively attenuates hemodynamic responses during intubation and pneumoperitoneum during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion: Oral Clonidine150mcg premedication effectively attenuates hemodynamic responses during intubation and pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

[Full Text Article]

Powered By WJPMR | All Right Reserved

WJPMR