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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301

ICV : 78.6



Ashish Sharma and Dr. Shailesh D. Wakde*


Background: Height and sex derived from different parts of the body help in solving crime mysteries related to human identity. Similarly, foot or shoe prints if present at the scene of crime may provide clue regarding the height and the sex of the person that helps in establishing partial identity of the suspect. In the present study, an attempt has been made to derive regression formulae to determine height from foot print length in both sexes individually as well as for the combined data (males and females). An attempt was also made to determine the sex using the statistically derived standard foot print length as a benchmark. Material & Methods: Foot prints of 200 subjects (100 males and 100 females), from among the college going students of NKP Salve Institute of Medical sciences & Research Centre & Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra., India were studied. Maximum footprint length and the height of each subject was measured. Predictive equations using linear regression were then derived separately for males, females and for the combined data with the purpose of estimating the height when only the subject’s foot print length is known. The standard foot print length (obtained from the statistically derived standard foot print length formula) was used as a benchmark to estimate the sex of the individual. Results: Thus, in the present study, correlation coefficient (r) of 0.698 in males, 0.738 in females and 0.848 in the combined data was obtained between the height and foot print length of the subjects. The standard error of estimate was 4.66 in males, 4.528 in females and 4.778 in the combined data. The standard foot print length obtained was 23.55 cm. The accuracy of sex determination by this method is reported to be 80%. Conclusion: The study has revealed a highly significant degree of correlation between the measurements of footprint lengths and stature from footprints of 200 subjects of both sexes between the ages of 18-26 years. The percentage accuracy of establishing sex by the standard foot print ration method is reported to be 80%, which is quite significant for use.

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