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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

HEPATITIS B AND C VIRUS PREVALENCE IN GENERAL POPULATION OF LAHORE

Dr. Madiha Khaliq*, Dr. Muhammad Husnain and Dr. Shahroz Khan

ABSTRACT

Background and objective: both hepatitis b virus (hbv) and hepatitis c virus (hcv) infections are rapidly spreading in the developing countries. Both of them are blood borne and are transmitted through unscreened blood transfusion, inadequately sterilized needles and equipment. According to WHO’S criteria of endemicity, pakistan has high disease burden of hepatitis b and c. The present study was planned to determine the frequency and to identify the risk factors of hepatitis b and c virus in the general community of lahore. Methods: this descriptive study was carried out in services hospital lab, from january 2017 to december 2017. Both the genders and all age groups were included in the study. All the patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria had given a written consent. Data was collected through questionnaire and was analyzed on statistical package for social sciences (spss) version 21. Results: three-hundred and forty five patients were studied. Among these 92 (27%) were males and 253(73%) were female, 33% of them had hepatitis c, 9% had hepatitis b. History of injections was reported in all of the patients. Visit to community barbers was present in 58.6% and 41% cases of hepatitis b and c. History of dental procedures was obtained in 7(24%) and 15(13%) patients of hepatitis b and c. Conclusion: major contributors for hepatitis b and c are use of unsterilized therapeutic injections and visit to community barbers. Education of the barbers regarding sterilization may help in reducing the burden of infection in this community.

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