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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY TO ASSESS EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION IN A TERTIARY HEALTHCARE INSTITUTE

Kothia Divyen, *Aundhakar Swati C. and Mandade Arjun

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hypertension is the emerging public health problem of adult population across the globe, affecting one in every four individuals. Essential hypertension is currently understood as a multifactorial disease arising from the combined action of many genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. The present study was conducted to to assess demographic characteristics, clinical presentation and hence to study its association with duration of hypertension. Materials and methods: A hospital based cross sectional analytical study was conducted among 200 patients (100 study group and 100 control group) who attended the out-patient and in-patient at the department of Medicine from December 2015 to November 2017. Results: There was male preponderance in both the groups (63% and 65% respectively) while female patients constituted 37% and 35% of groups. The mean SBP values in Stage I and Stage II hypertensive patients in Cases Group were 143.36±4.59 and 167.58±16.22 mmHg respectively. Conclusions: 40 - 60 years is the commonest age of presentations of hypertensive disorders Systolic and diastolic blood pressures tends to be on increasing side and is proportional to duration of the disorder.

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