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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

THE KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF THE USAGE OF FEMALE CONDOM AMONG STUDENTS IN THE UNIVERSITY FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES TAMALE CAMPUS

Dr. Der E. M.*, Dam M. R., Zakaria A. H., Zakaria A., Dr. Nakong N. V.

ABSTRACT

Background: The female condom (FC) has been identified as an important tool in preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and acceptability of the usage of the FC among the undergraduate students in the Tamale campus of the University for Development Studies (UDS). Material and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 153 undergraduates. Study participants were recruited by a simple random sampling technique. Results: The respondents were very young with mean age of 23.9 years, (SD±5.4), the great majority being single (81.0%). Approximately 88.2% (P<0.001) were aware of the FC, with the lecture rooms (45.2%) as common sources of information. Respondents identified FC as a tool that will prevent both unwanted pregnancies and STIs {87(64.4%), P<0.001}. Many of the respondents were not in any intimate sexual relationship {88(57.5%); P = 0.012}. Of those in intimate sexual relationships, the great majority never used the FC 81.5% (P<0.001). The common reasons for the low patronage of the FC were: the individual’s religion {(79.7%); P<0.001}, lack of partner approval {(66.7%); P<0.001} and cultural beliefs {(56.9%); P = 0.022}. The great majority of the respondents intend to use the FC in their future sexual activity {121(79.1%); P<0.001}. Conclusion: The result of the study revealed a high awareness level of the female condom but a very low attitude towards its acceptance and utilisation. Therefore, there is the need for increased public education on the FC and the benefits among sexually active individuals.

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