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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

EFFECT OF LASER THERAPY IN OSTEOARTHRITIS KNEE JOINT IN ELDERLY POPULATION OF TRIBAL AREA IN VISHAKAPATNAM DISTRICT, A CASE SERIES OF 30 PATIENTS

*Dr. Siddaram N Patil and Dr. Bugatha Ramya Sudha

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis knee affects a large portion of the population and it is the leading cause of disability worldwide. The increase in life expectancy further added to the burden of the disease. Joint replacement surgery is in accessible to most people in this region. Our objective is to study the effectiveness of Laser Therapy in primary osteoarthritis knees in the Tribal Area 0f Vishakapatnam District ,of elderly population. Materials and methods: This is a prospective cohort study in 30 patients attending orthopaedic outpatient department with primary osteoarthritis knee. All selected patients including both male and female were managed with low level laser therapy (wavelength of 905 nm and a power that varies from 27 Wp to 100 Wp) for 4consecutive weeks. Scoring using WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index) and VAS (Visual analog scale) were taken during first enrolment and then at 4 and 8 weeks of follow up. Results: There was a significant improvement in both WOMAC and VAS scores both at 4 weeks and 8 weeks of follow up. Improvement from baseline WOMAC mean score (enrolment 58.8, 79.36 at 4 weeks and 93.1 at 8 weeks (p<0.05). Similarly VAS mean score improved (enrolment 7.3, 3.36 at 4 weeks, and 1.33 at 8 weeks (p<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of our study we may conclude that low level laser therapy is an effective treatment for short-term improvement in patients suffering from OA knees.

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