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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

POST SPELENECTOMY OUTCOMES IN THALASSEMIA MAJOR PATIENTS

*Dr. Javeria Jamshed, Dr. Iqra Iqbal, and Dr. Muhammad Danyal Junaid

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the surgical outcome of splenectomy in children with thalassemia major. Methods: It is an observational and descriptive study conducted in Department of Paediatric Surgery in collaboration with hematology, radiology, anesthesia and paediatric intensive care department at The Children’s Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, Lahore during the period of September 2011 to September 2017. A total of 50 patients suffering from thalassemia major already diagnosed and under management referred from haematology department for splenectomy were included in this study. After admission, patients were assessed on the basis of history, clinical examination, and necessary investigations before surgery and later on follow-up. Investigations carried were CBC, PT, APTT, Viral markers, ECG, X-ray Chest, abdominal ultrasonography and ECHO if necessary. Splenectomy was performed after prophylactic vaccination against post splenectomy infections. Follow up was performed for at least two years. Blood transfusion requirements and number of hospital visits per annum before and after splenectomy were calculated and results analyzed statistically using SPSS-20. Results: Fifty patients were included in this study. Out of these fifty, 43 (86%) male and 7(14%) were female with a mean age of 9 years. Average blood transfusion requirement was 250 ml/kg/year, interval of blood transfusion was two weeks and twenty five visits per year before splenectomy. After splenectomy, requirement of blood transfusion reduced to 125ml/kg/year, interval between transfusion increased to one month and hospital visits reduced up to twelve per year. Conclusion: Blood transfusion requirement and number of hospital visits per year are decreased and interval between transfusions is increased after splenectomy. Splenectomy should not be delayed when indicated. Preoperative vaccination decreases the chance of post splenectomy infection.

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