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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

ANTIBIOTICS PRESCRIPTION PATTERN IN PEDIATRIC AT DISTRICT GENERAL HOSPITAL: A CASE STUDY

Mulchand Shende*, Poonam Gade, Sachin Dongre and Raksha Tayade

ABSTRACT

In pediatrics, the continuously increase use of antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. The present study was to investigate selective antibiotics prescription pattern in pediatric population in district general hospital, Amravati. The prospective observational study was conducted in hospital for six months. All patients of either sex aged <16 years receiving antibiotics were included and the prescribing pattern of antibiotics were reviewed.120 pediatric populations of various departments from October 2017 to March 2018 were observed and retrieved from the record section in district general hospital. The parameters such as antibiotics use, rationality and comorbid diseases were assessed and analyzed in pediatric population. It was observed that the most frequently in the pediatric age group aminoglycoside and 3rd generation cephalosporins including gentamicin, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, amikacin and amoxicillin. The most common indications for these drugs were used for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), acute febrile illness (AFI) and acute gastroenteritis (AGE). Many of the drug use in the hospital for particular indications were found to be rational as compared to the irrational use. Hence, the present study concludes that the prescribing pattern of antibiotics in the pediatric patient of the hospital is found to be rational according to the guidelines.

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