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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

CONCEPT OF WASHAM (TATTOOING) IN UNANI MEDICINE - A REVIEW OF UNDISCLOSED UNANI DOMAIN

Dr. Shabnam Anjum Ara*, Mohammad Zakir, Mohd Nauman Saleem and Munawwar Husain Kazmi

ABSTRACT

The global pattern of body modification affirms a major transformation. Washam (Tattooing) is one such art of body modification that's gaining acclaim as fashion crazes currently. The American Academy of dermatology found that 24% of Americans between 18-50 years are tattooed and about 36% of Americans aged between 18-29 years have at least one tattoo. Men are more likely to acquire tattooing than women. Although Tattooing was not so much common in earlier time but it is observed that in available authentic classical literature of Unani system of medicine, the description of the tattooing and its removal is clearly mentioned. Drugs used in tattooing and in their removal with the help of natural plant products by natural healing methods are given in some books. Modern methods such as Q-switch laser used to remove tattoos may cause some side effects, having their bit of drawbacks of being painful and leave behind blistering, changes in skin pigments and texture, skin inflammation and pinpoint bleeding. This review is aimed to explore the concept of Washam (Tattooing) with its removal techniques and to broaden the acquaintance of adopting natural, effective, safe and economical methods mentioned in Unani system of medicine.

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