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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301

ICV : 78.6



A. Manoj* and Annamma Paul


This current exploratory research conducted to design for comprehensive study of human liver inorder to get best knowledge of learning objectives of its Gross structure. Topography of the liver was taken to know the exact position of liver. The weight, length of surfaces and borders were measured. It had two principal anatomical lobes based on attachment of ligaments and two functional lobes due to the distribution of blood and bile. It had five surfaces with one distinct border. Owing to the dichotomous divisions of the hepatic artery, portal vein and bile ducts it has to have eight vascular segments which can be resected without damaging those remaining. Apart from peritoneal covering it had been connected with falciform ligaments, Coronary ligaments, Triangular ligaments, Ligamentum teres, Ligamentum venosum. The nonperitoneal areas were fissures of ligamentum venosum, teres hepatis, Groove of inferior venacava, Fossa for gall bladder and bare area. It is an essential organ making proteins albumin and blood clotting factors, manufacturing triglycerides by emulsification of fat, synthesis of glycogen, bile production, stores vitamins, makes bile for digestion and detoxify metabolites. It is associated with certain medical conditions such as viral Hepatitis B, viral hepatitis Cirrhosis, Cancer which could be reflected in Liver Function Tests.

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