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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.639

ICV : 78.6

Abstract

FREQUENCY OF CYSTOID MACULAR EDEMA IN UNCONTROLLED DIABETIC PATIENTS

Dr. Kamran Bashir Khan, Dr. Muhammad Sohail, Dr. Zuneera Shabbir and *Dr. Muhammad Arslan Babar

ABSTRACT

Background: This study attempted to find the frequency of cystoid macular edema in patients presented in eye opd. It association with uncontrolled diabetes and surgery is also determined. Methods: This hospital based study was conducted from 15 aug 2017 to 15 feb 2018 where 500 patients presenting to Ophthalmology unit of Allama Iqbal Memorial Hospital were included. Based on history records and investigations macular edema confirmation was made. Results: CMO patients were 56 of total 500 patients amongst whose 62.5% males and 37.5% females. Out of total suspected patients 82.1% had significant CMO, diabetic macular edema was present in 71.4% and pseudophakic macular edema in about 82.1% patients, hence post-surgical CMO is more marked. In early presenters, the diagnosis was made with slit lamp by using non-contact lens only but some of the signs were only visible on FFA and OCT, therefore, it was important for the detailed diagnosis that patient should be exposed to the full diagnostic criteria. Conclusion: This study showed that macular edema is a vision threatening disease and cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. So it should be diagnosed properly before the macular scarring occur. Early diagnosis is important to save the vision.

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