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World Journal of Pharmaceutical
and Medical Research

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical and Medical Research and Technology
An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)
ISSN 2455-3301
IMPACT FACTOR: 4.103

ICV : 56.51

Abstract

INCIDENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC USE IN PEDIATRIC INFECTIONS AND ENHANCING OPTIMAL ANTIBIOTIC UTILIZATION THROUGH PATIENT COUNSELING

K. Gayathri*, R. Priyanka, G. Sowjanya, K. Amulya, Dr. G. Ramesh and Dr. P. Srinivasa

ABSTRACT

Antibiotics are considered as one of the most commonly sold drug classes in the Received 20/02/2016 developing countries. children have the high rates of minor infection, because of their increased susceptibility to serious bacterial infection, and they are frequently prescribed with antibiotics. Although antibiotics have been a major breakthrough in promoting and securing the health of children, the implications of antibiotic resistance are that we are losing antibiotics that are able to treat common infections in children. . The successful antibiotic treatment depends on rapid diagnosis. In children and infants below 18 years of age the absorption distribution metabolism and elimination of drugs may differ interventions comparison with adults. In this article we are generally describing the unwanted effects of over usage of antibiotics in infants and children and discuss the proper usage of antibiotics in children and risk factor of being parents having low education and illiteracy and unaware of usage of antibiotics in children. To overcome this over usage of antibiotics in pediatrics three criteria were documented antibiotics are not indicated at all using clinical evidence to justify the need for antibiotics diagnostic testing confirming the need for antibiotics. The main aim of the study was to evaluate the antibiotics utilization pattern and check the adherence to the antibiotic policy in pediatric patients of a tertiary care teaching hospital.

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