DETERMINATION OF BACTERIAL LOAD IN DOG MILK WITH ITS ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS IN JOS, PLATEAU STATE
Ogbu, K. I.*, Anyika K. C., Ochai S. O., Gyendeng J. G., OLAOLU, O. S.
The study determines the bacterial load in canine milk with associated risk factors in Jos metropolis. Thirty milk samples were analyzed for bacterial load count and isolation of bacteria present in the milk. The result of bacterial load count in relation to breed showed that Alsatian breed has 3.54×1010 cfu/ml as the highest and 1.01×1010 cfu/ml the lowest for indigenous breed and the total mean bacterial load count is 11.49×1010 cfu/ml. Bacteria isolated were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus species. The associations of bacterial contaminations were significant only in relation to vaccination status and litter size. The study showed that revealed that milk could have high bacterial contamination although it is a sterile secretion lacteal secretion to nourish young animals and that it can be a source of infection that could cause neonatal death. Therefore, there is need for fast bacteriological diagnostic approach in cases neonatal mortality in dogs to provide adequate therapy for both the dam and the neonates.[Full Text Article]